Europe and Central Asia Region (ECAR) – Situation in Ukraine: refugee response in neighboring countries – Humanitarian Situation Report n° 9, 27 April – 3 May 2022 – Poland


Strong points

• As of 2 May, over 5.6 million refugees have fled Ukraine (over 3 million to Poland, 836,173 to Romania, 448,170 to the Republic of Moldova, 534,821 to Hungary and over 1 million to other countries).

• 40% of targeted UNICEF-UNHCR blue spots have been established: 23 in total (7 Moldova, 7 Romania, 4 Poland, 2 Italy, 2 Bulgaria, 1 Slovakia) with a capacity to reach up to 1,000 people, including 500 children per year. day with referrals, protection services, identification and reunification, mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS), social protection, education, health and WASH.

• In partnership with the City of Warsaw, a detailed work plan was developed for UNICEF support programs amounting to USD 6.5 million targeting 1,880 professionals, 5,500 parents/guardians and 15,000 children .

• The youth engagement partner, the World Organization of Scout Movements, organized the first partners kick-off meeting in Poland with representatives from the 9 partner countries.

• As of 29 April, UNICEF had $125.7 million available against $324.7 million for the refugee response. UNICEF appreciates the generous contributions of public and private sector donors

Overview of the regional situation and humanitarian needs

Since last week, 280,264 people have left Ukraine for Europe, bringing the number of refugees in Europe to 5,597,483 million (as of May 2). More than half arrived in Poland (more than 3 million people), with a significant number of cases in Romania (836,173), Moldova (448,170), Hungary (534,821), the Slovak Republic (382,024 ) and Belarus (25,002) (see map – percentages based on UNHCR Portal). In the meantime, 1,384,500 Ukrainians have reportedly returned to Ukraine3, although it is too early to predict migration trends given the volatility of the situation in Ukraine.

The estimated number of children on the move varies. In Poland, 50% of refugees are children. In Romania, children represent 35% of the refugee population (233,949, including 126,333 girls and 107,616 boys), with 2,686 unaccompanied children registered to date. In Moldova, 35% of refugees are also children, but of the 93,914 refugees who remained in the country, 51% are children.

Thanks to the activation of the European Union (EU) Temporary Protection Directive4 since the beginning of the war, 539,821 refugees entered Hungary; 106,597 arrived in Italy (52% women, 35% children) and 16,719 went to Croatia (49.6% women, 35% children) of which 67% applied for temporary protection status in the country.

Of the 233,474 refugees who went to Bulgaria; 101,354 remained in the country (68,405 children) and 83% currently have temporary protection status and are entitled to a one-time social assistance of approximately 200 USD.

In the Czech Republic, nearly 300,000 special visas were granted to Ukrainian refugees and 162,000 refugees applied for the CZK 5,000 humanitarian cash grant from the state (94% were processed).
The reception capacity in the host countries also varies. In Moldova, 70% stay with family/friends.

In Croatia, 89% stay in private accommodation and the rest in reception/collective centres.

In the Czech Republic, financial aid of 125 euros per month is granted to people hosting refugees. In Bulgaria, with the start of the tourist season and the end of the state’s humanitarian accommodation programme, refugees living free of charge in hotels will have to leave them on May 31. About 1,500 beds in municipal or state dormitories will be provided for those unable to work. , but many will have to look for accommodation on their own.

The government is working on a contingency plan and a needs assessment to provide the necessary support as a priority to people with health problems. In Italy, child protection and GBV issues related to informal accommodation provided by host communities have been raised. A cash transfer program has been created for those who have applied for a residence permit for temporary protection and have found independent accommodation even with relatives, friends or host families.

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