A new survey has found that more than a quarter of people currently living in Germany are either foreigners or have at least one immigrant parent.
The latest figures, published on Tuesday by the German statistics agency Destatis, show that “people with an immigrant background” represent 27.2% of the German population.
With some 82 million people living in the EU country, authorities estimate around 22.3 million are foreign nationals or people of foreign origin – the highest number since the first survey was conducted in 2005.
Foreign nationals make up just under half of the group.
Where do immigrants come from?
Most people with an immigrant background find their origin in Europe and Asia. About 7.5 million have links with other EU countries, 3.5 million with the Middle East and 1.1 million with Africa.
Looking at individual countries, Turkey remains the largest point of origin with 12% of the group, followed by Poland with 10% and Russia with 6%.
What languages do they speak?
The investigators also found that in 46% of cases, people with an immigrant background spoke exclusively or mainly German at home. Turkish is the second most popular language, with 8% of people with an immigrant background speaking it at home, followed by Russian with 7% and Arabic with 5%.
And the Ukrainian refugees?
The report does not include changes triggered by the Russian invasion of Ukraine in February, which displaced millions of people. Figures for 2021 revealed that around 308,000 Ukrainians had been living in Germany, most for many years. In a separate announcement on Tuesday, however, German police said 335,000 Ukrainian refugees had arrived in Germany since the invasion began, more than double the number of Ukrainian nationals in the country. The real number is probably higher because Ukrainians can travel to Germany visa-free.
It is estimated that around half of Ukrainian refugees in Germany are children and young people.
Germany’s massive economy has been heavily dependent on migrant workers for decades, with politicians scrambling in recent years to attract even more migrants to the country.
At the same time, however, German and European politicians attempted to clamp down on illegal immigration from Africa and the Middle East, prompting accusations of racism in light of the solidarity offered to refugees now arriving from Ukraine. .
Edited by: Farah Bahgat