Pink Luxemburg. The brutal death of a lame woman


Today, January 15, 1919, is exactly 103 years old. Rosa Luxemburg and her comrade Carl Liebknecht were briefly murdered by the Free Corps. Angry wolves who felt useless when it came time to lay down their weapons. Hired assassins, mercenaries, many of whom escaped from the German army when defeat was inevitable. To this day, the true identity of the killers remains a mystery, although in 1993 historian Klaus Keidinger published a book in which he names the man who killed Rosa Luxembourg in the vehicle he was taking to the prison of Berlin. According to Gietinger, Otto Range, a soldier from the GKSD (Faction Garde Kavallerie Schützen, one of the far-right factions of the Free Corps), hit her on the back of the head, then an officer, Herman, posed his foot on his neck and shot him in the temple. Then another soldier, Kurt Vogel, threw the body down one of Spray’s channels. The order was issued directly by the general commander of the GDST, Voltaire Bobst.

January 1919 was a difficult and controversial month in Berlin. Spartacusband, or Spartacist League, a revolutionary Marxist movement formed during the war as Spartacus, the leader of the slave revolution during the Roman Republic, founded by Carl Liebknecht, Rosa Luxemburg, Clara Zetkin and other co-activists. The government in Weimar, led by the chairman of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) in Germany, Friedrich Ebert, launched a bitter war against the government. In fact, the Spartakusbund began as a left-wing faction of the SPD, splitting from the party by adopting a pro-revolutionary stance rather than attempting to seize power in the parliamentary arena. It later became the Communist Party of Germany (KPD).

A mass movement has spread spontaneously to try to kidnap Berlin’s chief of police, a crook of Emil Eichhorn, a member of the Free German Social Democratic Party (USPD) who had backed the SPD to form a government . Political unrest in Germany intensified after the fall of the empire and the resignation of the Kaiser. Opinions were divided, party forces dispersed, and power constantly questioned, and thus the importance the Free Corps placed on maintaining the new regime. The House of Representatives, as it is called, has shown growing sympathy and connection with the old elite, especially former military leaders. At one point, the straw filled the glass of independent Social Democrats who decided to leave the government. Everyone except Eichsarn was stuck there like a stumbling block. He opposed the dismissal imposed on him and inflamed the anger of the people. A wick that ended in the murder of Rosa and Lipknecht.

At the beginning of December 1918, the walls of Berlin were occupied by posters – “Death to Lipknecht! Lipknecht and Rosa Luxemburg reached the point of disgust to the point of disappearing from public life. Rosa had many doubts about the revolutionary movement that was brewing. Finally, he reassures himself and writes a series of essays in which he uses the expression “the Second Revolution is underway”. Their hiding place in the quiet Wilmersdorf district of Berlin was quickly discovered and they were captured by a famous militant. Not knowing what to do with the two captives, they handed them over to Eden, a luxury development hotel where GKSD Freikorps is headquartered. Immediately Commander Bobst decided that they had to be murdered.

Bobst knew that the deaths of Liebknecht and Rosa Luxemburg could have ignited the early days of 1919 that year. The latter threw the decision into the hands of army commander Walter Freeher von Ludwigs. Bobst replied that Walter would never give the green light for the execution. Therefore, Noske concluded, “You have to be responsible for your actions.
The worst deaths

From January 15–16, Popstin’s plan was to kill two revolutionaries on their way from the Eden Hotel to the prison, dumping their bodies in the street and making it look like they had been slaughtered. The crowd that formed at that time, the battalions looking for fights here and there. But the traffic was postponed as events got out of control. A young officer bribed a soldier to shoot LifeKect and Rosa Luxemburg in Bopst’s absence. One hundred points are enough. Both were seriously injured in the shooting but did not die. The time has come to expel them once and for all from the Eden Hotel so that the responsibility for the crime does not fall like an avalanche on GKSD. Rosa was thrown into the back of a van, where Hermann Susan, who was already on the move, shot her in the head. Operation commander Kurt Vogel issued instructions to dump the body in the landwear channel, where it would not be found after four months.

At the same time that Rosa Luxemburg was slaughtered like a beast, Carl Lipknecht was seriously injured and taken to the Tiergarten in an open car. The driver faked a break and Carl was told they had to walk the rest of the way. When given the chance, they shot him twice in the back and made a false statement that he was presumed dead when he tried to escape.

The government decided that Carl and Rosa’s deaths should be investigated by a military tribunal.

Conveniently, the judges elected to preside over it were from the same GKSD faction as the men brought to trial. The Chief Justice, in collusion with the BOPs, sought to cover up the atrocity of the crime. He was later honored by Hitler’s Nazis with promotion to the highly acclaimed Roland Friesler Special Court, a politically arbitrary cave rather than a judicial decision. The killers have been released. Vogue received a symbolic sentence for the crime of throwing a corpse in the street and fleeing to Holland. The Nazis also rewarded him handsomely: he was Hitler’s counterintelligence police chief, Aber.

For the life of Rose

Roja Luxembourg, also known as Roja Luxemburg, was born on March 5, 1871 in Jomosk, Poland. Rosa’s grandfather, Abraham, left Warsaw to marry Sana Slam and moved to Jomos and started a lucrative timber business. It quickly gained branches in many major cities, such as Gdansk, Leipzig, Berlin and Hamburg. Despite his humble beginnings, he became a prolific man who actively participated in the reformation of Polish Orthodox Judaism. Edward Elias, the father of Rosa, the eldest of ten siblings, was primarily responsible for the growth of the business created by Abraham. He lost his mother when he was 18 and married Lina Lowenstein at an early age. The January Uprising, the Polish-Lithuanian Union separatist movement from the Russian Empire in 1863, pushed Edward into political empire, something that had never been on its borders. Accused of distributing arms to the peasants, he was persecuted after the defeat of the insurrection and took refuge in Warsaw, secretly leaving his family in Jamos. Financial problems became part of his daily life, so he had no choice but to call Lena to his side. Rosa was two years old when she moved to Warsaw with her father. She was the youngest of five siblings, and soon she was struck down with polio, which was a debilitating disease for the rest of her life. A compulsive reader, he was fluent in Russian and French in addition to Polish. He first formed his political opinions on the principle of being Polish and then Jewish.

She also became an unrepentant anti-tsarist.

After completing her secondary education at a women’s college in Warsaw, where the Russian language was forcibly and colonially expelled, she became a member of the Polish Proletarian Party in 1886, an illegal left-wing organization that had been calling for Russian communism ever since. over twenty years. year. . Because he was restless, he soon got into trouble when he helped organize a general strike, for which four key leaders of his party were sentenced to death. Rosa was active despite her disguise, but she was already well recognized by the Jarist police to be able to continue her daily life. She disappeared in a rural area, where she earned her living in a dungeon, that is to say as a teacher in a classic popular home. A short delay. In 1889 he fled to Switzerland and joined the University of Zurich, where he studied philosophy, politics, economics and mathematics. He specializes in political science and presented a thesis on industrial development in Poland. At the time, he spoke and wrote fluent German. She became the first woman to earn a doctorate in economics.
After completing his studies, he became involved in political activities and approached figures such as Jorge Plekhanov and Pavel Axelrod, radical defenders of Marxist ideology. In 1893, Rosa Luxemburg, together with Leo Jokicz and Julian Marlevsky, founded the newspaper Sprava Robotnisa (the workers’ cause), which supported the development of an independent Poland which could only emerge with the support of communist movements in Germany, Austria and in Hungary. . And Russia. He fought with Lenin, then deported to Switzerland, and was instrumental in founding the SDKPiL, the Social Democrats of Poland and Lithuania.

Founded in Berlin, she fled to Warsaw when the 1905 revolution broke out, realizing she was in danger of being arrested by the Tsarist police. His physical courage was impressive. Surviving in hiding, he published the illegal newspaper Czerwony Sztandar (Red Standard), in which he wrote more than a hundred articles a year, defending his revolutionary ideas. In 1906, she was arrested. From the 10th Pavilion of the Citadel in Warsaw, where he was imprisoned, he continued to write and spread his destructive ideas abroad. With the help of two bribed guards, he fled to Finland and returned to Germany.

In 1897 she married the son of an old friend, Gustav Løbeck, through whom he became a German citizen. He joined Edward Bernstein’s reform movement and never hid his hatred of Berlin’s boring situation. But everywhere the doors were somewhat closed to him. He wrote a controversial book, The Accumulation of Capital, which rose to fame as a terrorist, and fell in love with fellow activist Kostja Zetkin. Their comments publicly denigrated Prussian culture. He departed from Bernstein’s views, accusing him of revisionism and insisting on hatred of Germany and his consistent political approach, admitting that he had only lived in Berlin out of convenience, not taste, and that he had fled several times to Switzerland. Community marsh. It was in this swamp that he died. Shot at close range by an assailant.


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