System of protection of minors bearing fruit



Students run on the playground of a primary school in Longnan City, northwest China’s Gansu Province, Aug 31, 2020. [Photo/Xinhua]

The mandatory reporting system for cases involving minors has improved their protection, and those who fail to fulfill their obligations under the system will be held accountable, the Supreme People’s Procuratorate said.

In May 2020, nine central departments jointly issued trial guidelines to establish a mandatory reporting system for child exploitation cases. The system was later included in the amended law on the protection of minors, which came into force in June last year.

Since 2020, teachers, medical staff, residents’ committees, village committees and other institutions and individuals have actively fulfilled their duty to report cases, bringing a large number of crimes to light quickly, an official said. of the ninth prosecutor’s office of the SPP.

Between May 2020 and March 2022, procuratorate bodies handled 2,854 cases reported by the system, according to the SPP.

By law, government departments, residents’ and villages’ committees, institutions and personnel in close contact with minors must immediately report cases of minors suffering from or facing danger to their physical or mental health or other dangerous situations, public safety, civil affairs, education or other relevant departments.

In addition, when minors check in at hotels or other accommodations with or without an accompanying adult, operators should note the contact details of the guardian, establish the relationship between those checking in and other necessary details, and immediately report any suspected crime to public security organs. .

Some significant problems remain, such as hotels and other accommodations failing to report suspected crimes in time. Moreover, the anonymous official said, there is still a long way to go before society reaches consensus and universal acceptance of the system.

“The mandatory reporting system is a strong guarantee for the healthy growth of minors, and compliance with it is the legal obligation of all who deal with minors,” the official added.

Prosecutors found loopholes in more than 1,600 of the cases handled as officials failed to fulfill their obligations. As a result, 299 people were held responsible and prosecuted.

A case published by the SPP detailed the events that took place in October 2020, when an adult surnamed Xu and a minor surnamed Yang invited two minors, surnamed Liu and Wang, for a meal, during which they persuaded the girls to drink a lot of wine.

Later, they took the two drunk girls to a hotel in Xuzhou in Jiangsu province where Yang had sex with Liu and Xu attempted to have sex with Liu and Wang, but failed in both. attempts.

In March 2021, Yang and Xu were prosecuted on suspicion of rape. Yang was sentenced to two years and nine months, and Xu was sentenced to three years and nine months.

Investigations showed that hotel staff only took Xu’s information and allowed the four to check into the same room. CCTV footage from reception shows both girls were obviously intoxicated and one was wearing a school uniform.

Despite this, the staff did not ask either of the girls for their IDs, ask what was going on, or take contact details for their guardians. They also did not contact the police after finding out what was going on.

The police imposed administrative sanctions on the hotel and asked its operator to make repairs. The prosecution encouraged the two victims to file a civil suit against the hotel, and the operator was ordered to pay 10,000 yuan ($1,480) in emotional compensation.

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