Traveler’s footage of Poland’s Jewish community before the 1939 Nazi invasion turned into a documentary

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Auschwitz-Birkenau, near the town of Oswiecim, in what was then occupied Poland

Auschwitz-Birkenau was a concentration and extermination camp used by the Nazis during World War II.

The camp, located in Nazi-occupied Poland, consisted of three main sites.

Auschwitz I, the original concentration camp, Auschwitz II-Birkenau, a combined concentration and extermination camp, and Auschwitz III-Monowitz, a labor camp, along with 45 other satellite sites.

Auschwitz, pictured in 1945, was liberated by Soviet troops 76 years ago on Wednesday after an estimated 1.1million people were murdered at the Nazi death camp

Auschwitz was an extermination camp used by the Nazis in Poland to murder over 1.1 million Jews

Birkenau became a major part of the Nazis’ “Final Solution”, where they sought to rid Europe of Jews.

An estimated 1.3 million people were sent to Auschwitz-Birkenau, of whom at least 1.1 million died – about 90% of whom were Jews.

Since 1947 it has operated as the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum, which in 1979 was named a World Heritage Site by Unesco.

Treblinka, near a village of the same name, outside Warsaw in Nazi-occupied Poland

Unlike other camps, where some Jews were assigned to hard labor before being killed, almost all Jews brought to Treblinka were immediately gassed to death.

Only a select few – mostly strong young men, were spared immediate death and assigned to maintenance work instead.

Unlike other camps, where some Jews were assigned to hard labor before being killed, almost all Jews brought to Treblinka were immediately gassed to death.

Unlike other camps, where some Jews were assigned to hard labor before being killed, almost all Jews brought to Treblinka were immediately gassed to death.

The death toll at Treblinka was the second after Auschwitz. In just 15 months of operation – between July 1942 and October 1943 – between 700,000 and 900,000 Jews were murdered in its gas chambers.

The exterminations stopped at the camp after an uprising which saw around 200 prisoners escape. About half of them were killed soon after, but 70 are known to have survived until the end of the war

Belzec, near ta station of the same name in Nazi-occupied Poland

Belzec operated from March 1942 until the end of June 1943. It was built specifically as an extermination camp under Operation Reinhard.

Polish, German, Ukrainian and Austrian Jews were all killed there. In total, about 600,000 people were murdered.

The camp was dismantled in 1943 and the site was disguised as a mock farm.

Belzec operated from March 1942 until the end of June 1943. It was built specifically as an extermination camp under Operation Reinhard.

Belzec operated from March 1942 until the end of June 1943. It was built specifically as an extermination camp under Operation Reinhard.

Sobibor, near the village of the same name in Nazi-occupied Poland

Sobibor was named after its nearest train station, at which Jews disembarked from extremely crowded cars, uncertain of their fate.

Jews from Poland, France, Germany, the Netherlands and the Soviet Union were killed in three gas chambers fueled by deadly fumes from a large gasoline engine extracted from a tank.

An estimated 200,000 people were killed in the camp. Some estimates put the figure at 250,000.

This would place Sobibor as the fourth worst extermination camp – in terms of death toll – after Belzec, Treblinka and Auschwitz.

Sobibor was named after its nearest train station, at which Jews disembarked from extremely crowded cars, uncertain of their fate

Sobibor was named after its nearest train station, at which Jews disembarked from extremely crowded cars, uncertain of their fate

The camp was located about 80 km from the Polish provincial capital of Brest-on-the-Bug. Its official German name was SS-Sonderkommando Sobibor.

The prisoners launched a heroic escape on October 14, 1943 in which 600 men, women and children managed to break through the camp’s perimeter fence.

Of these, only 50 managed to evade capture. It is not known how many passed through Allied territory.

Chelmno (also known as Kulmhof), Nazi-occupied Poland

Chelmno was the first of Nazi Germany’s camps built specifically for extermination.

It operated from December 1941 to April 1943, then from June 1944 to January 1945.

Between 152,000 and 200,000 people, almost all of them Jewish, were killed there.

Chelmno was the first of Nazi Germany's camps built specifically for extermination.  It worked from December 1941 to April 1943 then from June 1944 to January 1945

Chelmno was the first of Nazi Germany’s camps built specifically for extermination. It worked from December 1941 to April 1943 then from June 1944 to January 1945

Majdanek (also known simply as Lublin), built on the outskirts of the city of Lublin in Nazi-occupied Poland

Majdanek was originally intended for forced labor but was converted into an extermination camp in 1942.

It had seven gas chambers as well as a wooden gallows where some victims were hanged.

In total, it is estimated that up to 130,000 people were killed there.

Majdanek (pictured in 2005) was originally intended for forced labor but was converted into an extermination camp in 1942

Majdanek (pictured in 2005) was originally intended for forced labor but was converted into an extermination camp in 1942


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