United Nations Committee on the Rights of the Child releases findings on Czech Republic, Eswatini, Poland and Switzerland

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The Committee was seriously concerned about the growing number of children exploited for prostitution and pornography. The Committee urged the State party to effectively investigate the sexual exploitation of children, in particular abuse online and in the tourism sector.

The Committee on the Rights of the Child remained concerned about the high rates of institutionalization of children, in particular of persons with disabilities. It recommended that the State party adopt a comprehensive national policy aimed at phasing out institutionalization and supporting community or family options to care for children in need, paying particular attention to children with disabilities, Roma children and children under three years of age.

Eswatini

With regard to child marriage in Eswatini, the Committee urged the State party to review its legislation and amend the marriage law to ensure that the minimum age for marriage is 18 years for both girls and boys, and to take all necessary measures to eliminate child marriage in practice. .

To address the high rate of teenage pregnancies, the Committee recommended that the State party provide young girls with access to family planning services, affordable contraceptives and safe abortion. He also called on Eswatini to take action to make comprehensive sexual and reproductive health education compulsory in schools.

Poland

The Committee on the Rights of the Child was concerned about the persistence of the practice of corporal punishment and domestic violence against children. It recommended that the State party strengthen measures to eliminate corporal punishment, especially in the home, and legally oblige daycare centers and educational institutions to protect children from violence. He also called for the establishment of a confidential and child-friendly mechanism for them to report violence and abuse to the authorities.

The Committee regretted the limited information on the investigation, prosecution and punishment of cases of sexual abuse committed by members of the clergy. It recommended that the State party continue its efforts to ensure that all child sexual abuse is reported and investigated, including in the family and in the Catholic Church. It also recommended that all perpetrators be duly prosecuted and prevented from having contact with children in the course of their professional activity.

Switzerland

The Committee on the Rights of the Child has expressed concern at the de facto discrimination against children in disadvantaged situations, in particular with regard to access to education and health services. It recommended that the State party address the root causes of de facto discrimination, prohibit all forms of discrimination and eliminate discrimination against children in disadvantaged situations, including refugee children. , asylum seekers and migrants, children with disabilities, LGBTI children and socioeconomically disadvantaged children. .

Experts feared that the views of children under 14 would not be heard in the country’s asylum process and that children between 15 and 18 could be detained because of their migration status. They recommended that Switzerland ensure that its asylum procedure complies with the rights of the child and that the best interests of the child are a primary consideration in all transfer decisions, detention or deportation. They also called on the Swiss authorities to ensure that no child under the age of 18 is detained because of their migration status.

The above conclusions, officially called Concluding Observations, are now available online on the website session web page.

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